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The Brain

>Causes of Memory Loss

MCI and Dementia

  The predominant cause of memory loss is a family of diseases called Alzheimer's Disease and related disorders (ADRD) which includes but is not limited to Alzheimer's Disease, vascular dementia, Parkinson's Disease, and Frontal Lobe dementia. In addition to ADRD, many other conditions cause memory loss. The tables that follow list the major causes of memory loss, the appropriate treatment and the result of treatment.

Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders

Disease Treatment Result of treatment
Alzheimer's Disease Cholinesterase inhibitor and glutamate modulation Stabilization and sometimes improvement
Parkinson's Disease Dopaminergic stimulation Stabilization and sometimes improvement
Frontal lobe dementia No established treatment n/a
Vascular Disease Treat risk factors and medication Stabilization and sometimes improvement

Other Causes of Memory Loss and Dementia

Disease Treatment Result of treatment
Anxiety Anti-anxiety agents Improvement
ADHD Psycho stimulants Improvement
Depression Anti-depressants Improvement
Thyroid gland disease Thyroid hormone Improvement
Diabetes Anti-diabetics Improvement
Metabolic encephalopathy Diagnose etiology and treat Improvement
Alcohol dependence Alcohol cessation Improvement
Chemical dependence Narcotics Anonymous Improvement
Vitamin B-12 deficiency Cyanocobalamin Improvement
Infections-meningitis and encephalitis IV antibiotics Improvement
Drugs (prescription & over the counter) Adjust medication Improvement
Fatigue Diagnose etiology and treat Improvement (depends on etiology)
Head injury Cognitive therapy and medication Stabilization and frequent improvement
Normal pressure hydrocephalus Shunt Stabilization and sometimes improvement
Cancer and cancer treatment Diagnose etiology and treat (Insufficient data)


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